নবী আল-উম্মী শব্দের সঠিক ব্যাখ্যা:- (Masum Billah Sunny)
Lecture—Explaination of Ummi word for Rasul(SAW) :::::—–
(Masum Billah Sunny)
———————Word meaning explaination—————————–
1.In case of Rasul(SAW) Here “Ummi” word means. Acctually “he who is taught by none but Allah(or who only taught by Allah).
2.Many other meanings—-
= A nation (the Arabs) that had never received a Scripture before. ‘Zaku’ or ‘Tazkiah’
= Purity from vice
= Development of ‘self’
= Self-actualization. ‘Hikmah’
= Political Rule.
—————————–Some verses about the Beloved Rasul(SAW). Where Called Ummi in Al-Quran:::————————–
1. Those who follow the Apostle, the Ummi Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures), – in the Law and the Gospel . . .
2.“And from them are Ummien who do not know the scriptures except wishes and they only follow conjecture” (2/78)
3.“…and tell those who have received the scriptures and the Ummien have you submitted?…” (3/20)
4.…believe in God and His messenger the Ummy prophet who believes in God…” (7/158)
5. “And you did not recite before it any book, nor did you transcribe one with your right hand, for then could those who say untrue things have doubted”(29:48)
6. It is He who has sent among the ummi,,,a Messenger…from themselves,,,,, reciting to them His verses,,,,, and purifying them and ,,,,,teaching them the Book and wisdom,,,,, although they were before in clear error.(62:02)
(((Note:)))) if any1 illiterate can he enough to teach anybody?those who achieve knowlegde from Allah can anybody call him illiterate?
So,who use this illiterate word with Rasul(SAW) may curse them.
————————Explain of Al-Nabi Al-ummi————————-
Explain 1::– Many people unfortunately used the translation of ”’Ummi ”’word as illiterate/unlettered.(nawjubillah)
They should mind it that Rasul(SAW) Did not learned from any human but learned from Allah so he could read & write so if any1 use this it’ll Gustakh.
Explain 2:::although the inhabitants of Mecca at that time were not all unable to read or write, but they were called so in reference to the holy city of Mecca.
Explain 3::— though Ummi means unlettered but In case of Rasul(SAW) Here “Ummi” word means. Acctually “he who is taught by none but Allah(who only taught by Allah).
Explain 4:::—The phrase“totally illiterate”is disrespectful when Quran teaches us not to even use the word“RA’INA”in spite of the fact that Ra’ina could have both good and bad meaning..So use illiterate is. bad adab.
—–Rasul(SAW) could read & Write ——–
Ibn Abbas reported::::
When Allah’s Messenger (may peace be uponhim) was about to leave this world, there were persons (around him) in his house, ‘Umar b. al-Kbattab being one of them. Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: ”””””””Come, I may write for you a document”””””’; you would not go astray after that.Thereupon Umar said: Verily Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) is deeply afflicted with pain. You have the Qur’an with you. The Book of Allah is sufficient for us. Those who were present in the house differed. Some of them said: Bring him (the writing material) so that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him)””””””’ may write a document ”””””’for you and you would never go astray after him And some among them said what ‘Umar had (already) said. When they indulged in non sense and began to dispute in the presence of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), he said: Get up (and go away) ‘
Ubaidullah said: Ibn Abbas used to say:
There was a heavy loss,
indeed a heavy loss, that, due to their
dispute and noise. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him)could not write(or dictate)the document for them.
A’isha reported that ,”‘Allah’s Messenger(may peace be upon him) in his (last) illness asked me to call Abu Bakr, her father, and her brother too, so that he might ”””””write a document””””’,for he feared that someone else might be desirous (of succeeding him) and that some claimant may say: I have better claim to it, whereas Allah and the Faithful do not substantiate the claim of anyone but that of Abu Bakr.
Hadith 3 ::::——
Anas reported that when Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him)decided to ””””””write”””’ to the Kisri(the King of Persia),Caesar(Emperor of Rome),and theNegus(the Emperor of Abyssinia), it was said to him that they would not accept ””””’the letter”””” without the seal over it; so Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) got a seal made, the ring of which was made of silver and there was engraved on it.(Mubammad. the Messenger of Allah).
Imam Aul Abbas al Qurtubithe commentator of Sahih Muslim has proven from such ahadith that Prophet (Peace be upon him)knew how to read and write,
~Imam Badr ud-din Ayni(rah),
~Imam al-Qadhi Iyaadh(rah),
~Imam al Baji(rah),
~Imam Abu Zar Harwi,
~Imam Abul Fath al Naysaburiand many other scholars have approved this fact.‘A’isha Siddiqa(Allah be pleased with her) in his Sahih.
Whilst the noble Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was in the Cave of Hira, suddenly an angel (Jibril) came to him and said,“Read.”
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) replied,“I am not a reader.”
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) relates: Then he took hold of me, pressed me to his chest, released me and then said again,“Read.”
I replied,“I am not a reader.”
Then he took hold of me, pressed me to his chest, released me and the third time said again,“Read.
”I again replied,“I am not a reader.”Then he took hold of me again, pressed me to his chest and upon releasing me,
the fourth time – reciting the first five verses of Surat al-‘Alaq(96)– said,
~“Read, in the name of your Lord, who created:
~created the human being from clotted blood.
~Read, for your Lord is Most Generous, who taught by the pen, taught the human being what he did not know.”
Upon this, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not refuse, but received the revelation and came home.
From :: Imam al-Bukhari
Chapter : 3 of the Book of Bad’ al-Wahy
Chapter : 1 of the Bookofal-Ta‘birand
Chapter: 1 ofSurat al-‘Alaq(96)
Book of al-Tafsir
Recorded this hadith in three separate places
the phrase””ma ana bi qari’in”” has 3 meanings;
1.‘I am not a reader’,
2.‘I do not read’
3.‘I will not read’.
some people have wrong translated this phrase as:
1.‘I cannot read’
2.‘I do not know how to read’.
Al-Saffar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Narrated Ali bin Asba`t or [and] others who had said:
“I said to Abu` Jafar (al-Jawad):
‘People claim that the Prophet (peace be upon him and his pure family) could neither read nor write!!
So, he, peace be upon him, denied that and said: ‘They have lied, May the wrath of Allah be upon them! How would that be?
When Allah has said:'(It is) He who raised among the Ummīyīna (i.e. maternals) a Messenger from amongst them, reciting upon them His signs and purifying them and teaching them the Book and thewisdom;..
…’How did he teach them the Book and the Wisdom while he could neither read nor write?’
Then Ali bin Asba`t asked the Imam: “Why was he called al-Nabi al-Ummi? To which the Imam (peace be upon him) replied: “Because he was ascribed to Mecca.That is according to the words of Allah, the Most Exalted:’That you may warn Umm al-Qura` (i.e. the mother of villages) and those around it.’Umm al-Qura` means Mecca. So, he was called Ummi.”
(Basair al-darajat, By al-Saffar, vol. 5, p. 246).
Al-Saduq (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Narrated Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Sufi:
“I asked Abu Ja’far Muhammad son of Ali al-Rida (peace be upon them both) saying: ‘O son of Allah’s Apostle, why was the Prophet called Ummi?’
He answered: ‘What do the people say?’ I said: ‘They claim that he was called Ummi because he was illiterate.”
He replied: ‘They lie! May the curse of Allah be upon them, Allahhas clearly said in His Book:‘(It is) He who raised among the Ummīyīna (i.e. maternals) a Messenger from amongst them, ””””reciting upon them His signs”””” and purifying them and ”’teaching them the Book and the wisdom””’
How would he teach what he himself could not do?
“By Allah, Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him and his pure family) used to read and write in 72, or he said 73, languages. He was called Ummi because ”””he was from Mecca”””.
Mecca is one of the mother towns, and this is why Allah the Most Exalted has said:‘So that you (Muhammad) may warn the mother of villages (i.e. Mecca) and whoever is around it’.”
(Ma’ani al-Akhbar, By al-Saduq, p. 53).
Here is Some link prove the hand writing letter of of Rasul(SAW)—-